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  1. A fruit is a ripened ovary, with or without its associated parts.
  2. Fertilization provides a stimulus to the plant and development of fruit beings.
  3. The ovary absorbs most of the food material and as a result, the calyx, corolla, androecium, style and stigma become dry and fall off.
  4. In some cases, one of these parts may remain persistent.
  5. The formation of fruit is controlled by certain hormones like auxins, cytokinins, gibberellins, etc.
  6. As the ovary develops into a fruit, the wall of the ovary undergoes physiological, biochemical and structural changes to form the wall of the fruit called pericarp.
  7. It maybe dry or fleshy and maybe dehiscent or indehiscent.
  8. The ovules develop into seeds.
  9. Finally, the starch present in the fruit gets converted into sugar.
  10. 1Chlorophyll gets broken down.
  11. 1These events change the taste, flavor, colour and texture of the fruit.
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