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Genetically modified crops are produced by carrying out genetic manipulations in the plants. The main purpose of this is to improve the crops with the desired traits.

The advantages of production of genetically modified crops are:

  1. Resistance to disease caused by pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, insects, viruses. This is resistance to biotic stresses.
  2. Resistance to abiotic stresses including temperature, salinity, drought, intense sunlight, herbicides.
  3. Transgenic crops with improved nutrition
  4. Improvement of crop yield and quality. Increased shelf life and storage.
  5. Transgenic crops serve as bioreactors for the production of commercially important products such as vaccines and proteins.
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