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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SEXUAL AND ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN PLANTS

Characteristics

Asexual reproduction

Sexual Reproduction

1. Parents involved

Only one

One  or two

2. Units of  reproduction

Vegetative cells or spores

Sex cells or gametes

3. Fusion of gametes

Not involved

Involved

4. Offsprings

Genetic makeup of offsprings same as parent

Offsprings show variations due to recombination of genetic characters

5. Role in life cycle

Rapid multiplication in number and perpetuation of same generation

Results in change of generation from haploid to diploid.

6. Meiosis

Not always necessary

Always  necessary

7. Significance

Useful in maintaining the purity of crop characters and vegetative propagation of economically important crops.

Useful in plant breeding and crop improvement; plays a key role in organic evolution by genetic recombination and variations.

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