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LIST OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF BIRTH CONTROL

The different types of birth control methods and their working are given in the table below:

 

Name of Method

Type of method

Mode of Action

1.

Abstinence

Natural temporary

Remain away from sexual activity.

2.

Rhythm method (Safe period)

Natural temporary

Avoiding intercourse during the period of ovulation.

3.

Coitus interruptus

Natural temporary

Withdrawal of penis by male before ejaculation in the vagina.

4.

Spermicides

Chemical

Jellies, creams, pastes, foam tablets adhere to mucous membrane in vagina and kill the sperms.

5.

Implants

Chemical

Contain progesterone or combination of estrogen- progesterone. Placed under skin and act like oral contraceptives.

6.

Oral contraceptive pills

Chemical

Birth control pills. Check ovulation. No egg released in a woman on taking the pill. No conception.

7.

Condom

Mechanical

Rubber sheath used to cover erect penis in males. Prevents deposition of sperms in vagina.

8.

Diaphragm and cervical cap

Mechanical

Fitted on the cervix in female’s vagina. Checks entry of sperms into uterus.

9.

Intrauterine devices  (IUD’s)

Mechanical

Plastic or metal objects placed in uterus. Prevent fertilization of egg or implantation of embryo.

e.g. Copper-T, Loop, Spiral ring, etc.

10.

Vasectomy

Surgical Permanent

Cutting of vas deferens in males.

11.

Tubectomy

Surgical Permanent

Cutting of fallopian tube in female.

 

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