in Tissues in Plants by

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The main characteristics of vessel elements are:

  1. The vessels are long cylindrical tube like structures with lignified walls which have wide central lumen.
  2. The cells are dead and without protoplast.
  3. The walls contain perforations.
  4. The perforation may be simple or multiple perforations.
  5. The pores of the multiple perforation plates may be arranged in reticulate or scalariform type.
  6. The vessels are advanced than the tracheids.