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Difference between active and passive transport

 

Active transport

Passive Transport

1.

Molecules move against a concentration gradient( low concentration ―→ high concentration)

Molecules move along the concentration gradient (high concentration ―→ low concentration)

2.

Cellular energy (ATP) is required

No cellular energy is required

3.

Sodium potassium pump and Proton pump are examples of Active transport

Diffusion and Osmosis are types of passive transport

 

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