What are the differences among the five kingdoms of life?

in Diversity of Living Organisms by

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Major differences among five kingdoms in the Five Kingdom System of Classification are as stated below:

Property

Kingdom Monera

Kingdom Protista

Kingdom Fungi

Kingdom Plantae

Kingdom Animalia

Cell type Prokaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic Eukaryotic
Cell organization Unicellular Unicellular Multicellular Multicellular Multicellular
Cell wall Made up of
peptidoglycan
With or without
cell wall.
Made up of cellulose
Made up of chitin
or fungal cell
wall or both
Made up of true
cellulose or pectic
compounds
Absent
Nutritional class   Phototrophic,
heterotrophic,
Parasites,
Saprophytes
Photosynthetic,
Holozoic,
Saprophytic, Parasitic
Heterotrophic
Saprophytes
Autotrophic Heterotrophic
Mode of nutrition Absorptive Absorptive or
ingestive
Absorptive Mostly
Absorptive
Mostly
ingestive
Motility Motile or non
motile
Motile or
non-motile
Cilia or flagella
Non-motile Sedentary in nature Mostly Motile
Reproduction Asexual
(fission or budding)
Asexual or Sexual Vegetative,
Sexual or Asexual
Vegetative, Sexual or Asexual Mostly Sexual.
Some can reproduce
by asexual means.
Examples Archaebacteria,
Eubacteria,
Cyanobacteria, Actinomycetes
Amoeba,
Paramoecium,
Euglena
Agaricus,
Aspergillus,
Penicillium
Algae, Bryophytes,
Pteridophytes
Snakes, Fishes,
Kangaroo
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