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Monocotyledonous

Dicotyledonous

1.

The monocots possess only single cotyledon.

The dicots possess two cotyledons.

2.

The leaf has parallel venations.

The leaf has the reticulate type of venations.

3.

The leaf have identical dorsal and ventral surface

The leaf have dissimilar dorsal and ventral surface.

4.

The adventitious root system is the characteristic feature of the monocots.

The tap root system is the characteristic feature of the dicots.

5.

The floral parts are usually multiples of three in monocots.

The floral parts are usually four or five or multiples of it in the dicots.

6.

The monocot stem possess protoxylem lacuna.

The Dicot does not possess protoxylem lacuna.

7.

Vascular cambium is absent.

Vascular cambium is usually present.

8.

The vascular bundle in stem and the xylem and phloem groups in root are both numerous.

The vascular bundle in stem and the xylem and phloem groups in root are always limited in number.

9.

The ground tissue of the stem is not classified into cortex and pith.

The ground tissue of stem is differentiated into cortex and pith.

10.

Secondary growth is mostly absent in monocots.

Secondary growth is common in the dicots.

 

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