in Anatomy of Flowering Plants by

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The characteristic features of the monocotyledons are;

  1. These plants possess embryo which has only one cotyledon.
  2. These plants have leaves with parallel venation i.e. the veins are parallel to each other.
  3. The root of the monocots is usually fibrous root system.
  4. The monocot plant does not show secondary growth.
  5. The vascular cambium is absent.
  6. The floral whorls are found as three or multiple of it.
  7. The stem possesses the vascular bundle arranged in a scattered manner.
  8. Numerous vascular bundles or xylem and phloem groups are seen.
  9. The pith is prominent in the root.
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